Rule C4.1: Rights of Audience in the Civil Courts


4.1.1 In this rule 4.1, unless the context otherwise requires, terms listed in the first column of rule 4.1.1 shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in the second column of that rule:




a solicitor who seeks a right of audience in the Court

course of training

a course of training in evidence, procedure and pleadings in relation to proceedings in the Court


the Court of Session, the Supreme Court and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council


knowledge of the practice, and procedures of and professional conduct in the Court


the date on which the applicant informs the Council that he seeks a right of audience in the Court

right of audience

a right of audience in the Court

 Course of Training in Evidence, Pleading and Procedure

4.1.2 The following matters are to be included in the course of training:

(a) the preparation and submission to the persons conducting the course of examples of the forms and style of written pleadings used in the presentation of cases in the Court of Session;

(b) the practical applications of the law of evidence in connection with the presentation of cases in the Court of Session;

(c) the procedure employed in the Court;

(d) the presentation by applicants to the persons conducting the course of examples of oral advocacy in the manner required in the Court.

4.1.3 The following methods of instruction are to be employed in the course of training:

(a) lectures, the provision of written instructional material, and audio-visual or other practical demonstration by the persons conducting the course of training in relation to any of the matters specified in rule 4.1.2;

(b) attendance for a period, to be specified by the course convener, of up to six days sitting in on proceedings in the Court of Session, not being proceedings involving the applicant or any member or employee of the applicant's practice unit unless the convener shall direct otherwise, in both or either of the Outer House (including the Commercial Court) and the Inner House, observing, with or without the supervision of the persons conducting the course of training, the manner in which cases are conducted in that court;

(c) discussion of the applicant's performance by those conducting the course, and the provision of comment and criticism by them upon the applicant's presentation of oral advocacy;

(d) consideration by those conducting the course of the applicant's written work and the provision of criticism and comment thereon.

4.1.4 The persons who conduct the course of training, including the course convener, shall be:

(a) solicitors or advocates of at least 5 years standing; or

(b) persons who have been employed at a university in Scotland for at least 5 years full-time during the last 10 years;

and who have experience in the matters specified in rule 4.1.2.

Demonstration of Knowledge

4.1.4 An applicant's knowledge shall be demonstrated by evidence that he has:

(a) passed in not more than two attempts a written examination on such matters set by examiners appointed by the Council within thirty months of the relevant date; or

(b) passed examinations for admission to the Faculty of Advocates which are considered by the Council to be equivalent to the written examination referred to above. 

4.1.5 The examiners appointed by the Council for the purposes of rule 4.1.4 shall be solicitors with a right of audience in the Court, or advocates, or professors of law in a university in Scotland, in each case of at least 10 years standing.

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